Dennis Raphael

Professor

Graduate Program Director, Health Policy and Equity

Locations / Contact Info:

418 HNES
Keele Campus
Phone: 416 736 2100 Ext. 22134

Email address(es):

draphael@yorku.ca

Web site(s):

Faculty & School/Dept.

Faculty of Health - School of Health Policy & Management

Degrees

PhD - 1975
University of Toronto
Toronto

Biography

Dennis Raphael, PhD, is a Professor of Health Policy and Management at York University in Toronto. The most recent of his over 250 scientific publications have focused on the health effects of income inequality and poverty, the quality of life of communities and individuals, and the impact of government decisions on Canadians' health and well-being. Dr. Raphael is editor of "Social Determinants of Health: Canadian Perspectives" (now in 2nd edition), co-editor of "Staying Alive: Critical Perspectives on Health, Illness, and Health Care" (now in 2nd edition) and author of "Poverty in Canada: Implications for Health and Quality of Life (also in 2nd edition)", all published by Canadian Scholars' Press. "Health Promotion and Quality of Life in Canada: Essential Readings", an edited collection was released in January 2010 and "About Canada: Health and Illness" has been published by Fernwood Publishers. "Social Determinants of  Heallth: The Canadian Facts" (co-author) is a primer for the Canadian public has been downloaded over 200,000 times and is available at http://thecanadianfacts.org. His latest book "Tackling Health Inequalities: Lessons from International Experiences" was published in 2012.

 

Selected Publications

BOOKS


Raphael, D. (ed.) (in preparation). Immigration and the modern welfare state: Public policy, immigrant experiences, and health outcomes. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.


Raphael, D. (ed.) (in preparation).  Social determinants of health: Canadian perspectives, 3rd edition. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press. 


Raphael, D. (2012). Tackling health inequalities: Lessons from international experiences. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.


Raphael, D. (2011).  Poverty in Canada: Implications for health and quality of life, 2nd edition. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.


Raphael, D. (2010).  About Canada: Health and illness. Halifax: Fernwood Publishers.


Bryant. T., Raphael, D., and Rioux, M. (2010). Staying alive: Critical perspectives on health, illness and health care, 2nd edition. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.


Raphael, D. (ed.) (2010). Health promotion and quality of life in Canada: Essential readings. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.


Raphael, D. (ed.) (2009).  Social determinants of health: Canadian perspectives, 2nd edition. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.


Raphael, D. (2007).  Poverty and policy in Canada: Implications for health and quality of life. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.


Raphael, D., Bryant. T., and Rioux, M. (eds.) (2006). Staying alive: Critical perspectives on health, illness and health care. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.


Raphael, D. (ed.) (2004).  Social determinants of health: Canadian perspectives. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.


BOOK CHAPTERS


Raphael, D. (2012). Why concern ourselves with health inequalities?  In D. Raphael, (ed.) Tackling health inequalities: Lessons from international experiences. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.


Raphael, D. (2012). Canadian experiences. In D. Raphael, (ed.) Tackling health inequalities: Lessons from international experiences. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.


Raphael, D. (2012).  Critical perspectives on the social determinants of health. In E. McGibbon (ed.) Oppression: A determinant of health.  Halifax: Fernwood Publishers.


Raphael, D. (2012). Implications of inequities in health for health promotion practice. In I. Rootman, S. Dupéré, A. Pederson, and O’Neill, M. (eds.). Health promotion in Canada, 3rd edition. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.


Raphael, D. (2010). Poverty makes us physically, mentally, socially, and ethically sick. In J. Swift, M. Dineen, and B. Balmer (eds.) Persistent poverty: Dispatches from the margins. Toronto: Between the Lines Press.   


Raphael, D. (2010). An overview of the social determinants of health. In J. Silver and S. MacKinnon (eds.) The social determinants of health inManitoba. Winnipeg: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives.


Bryant, T., Raphael, D., and Rioux, M. Towards the future. (2010). In T. Bryant, D. Raphael, and M. Rioux (eds.). Staying alive: Critical perspectives on health, illness, and health care, 2nd edition. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.


Raphael, D. and Bryant, T. (2010). The political economy of public health: Public health concerns in Canada, the U.S., U.K., Norway, and Sweden.  In T. Bryant, D. Raphael, and M. Rioux (eds.). Staying alive: Critical perspectives on health, illness, and health care, 2nd edition. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.


Bryant, T., Raphael, D. and Rioux, M. (2010). Researching health: Knowledge paradigms, methodologies, and methods. In T. Bryant, D. Raphael, and M. Rioux (eds.). Staying alive: Critical perspectives on health, illness, and health care, 2nd edition. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.


Pederson, A., Raphael, D., and Johnson, E. (2010). Gender, race, and health inequalities. In T. Bryant, D. Raphael, and M. Rioux (eds.). Staying alive: Critical perspectives on health, illness, and health care, 2nd edition.Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.


Raphael, D. (2010). Social determinants of health: An overview. In T. Bryant, D. Raphael, and M. Rioux (eds.). Staying alive: Critical perspectives on health, illness, and health care, 2nd edition. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.


Raphael, D. (2010). Setting the stage: Why quality of life? Why health promotion?  In D. Raphael (ed.) Health promotion and quality of life inCanada: Essential readings. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.


Raphael, D. (2010). Can increasing concern with quality of life encourage health promoting public policy?  In D. Raphael (ed.) Health promotion and quality of life in Canada: Essential readings. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.


Raphael, D. (2008). Social determinants of health: An overview of key issues and themes. In D. Raphael (ed.) Social determinants of health: Canadian perspectives, 2nd edition. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.


Raphael, D. (2008). Social structure, living conditions, and health. In D. Raphael  (ed.) Social determinants of health: Canadian perspectives, 2ndedition. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.


Raphael, D. and Curry-Stevens, A. (2008). Surmounting the barriers: Making action on the social determinants of health a public policy priority. In D. Raphael  (ed.) Social determinants of health: Canadian perspectives, 2nd. edition. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.


REFEREED JOURNAL ARTICLES


Raphael, D. (2014). Beyond policy analysis: The raw politics behind opposition to healthy public policy. Health Promotion International,doi:10.1093/heapro/dau044


Raphael, D., Brassolotto, J. and Baldeo, N. (2014). Ideological and organizational components of differing public health strategies for addressing the social determinants of health. Health Promotion International, doi: 10.1093/heapro/dau022.


Raphael, D. (2014). Social determinants of children’s health in Canada: Analysis and implications. International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies, 5(2), 220-239.


Raphael, D. (2014). Challenges to promoting health in the modern welfare state: The case of the Nordic nations. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. 42, 7-17.


Brassolotto, J., Raphael, D. and Baldeo, N. (2014). Epistemological barriers to addressing the social determinants of health among public health professionals in Ontario, Canada. Critical Public Health. 24, 3, 321-336.


Raphael, D. (2013). Adolescence as a gateway to adult health outcomes. Maturitas, 75, 137-141.


Bryant, T, and Raphael, D. (2013). Editorial for the special issue on the Politics of Poverty. Social Alternatives, 32, 1, 3-4.


Raphael, D. (2013). The politics of poverty: Definitions and explanations. Social Alternatives, 32, 1, 5-11.


Raphael, D. (2013). The political economy of health promotion: Part 1, national commitments to provision of the prerequisites of health. Health Promotion International, 28, 95-111.


Raphael, D. (2013). The political economy of health promotion: Part 2, national provision of the prerequisites of health. Health Promotion International, 28,112-132.


Raphael, D. (2012). Latest OECD figures confirm Canada as a public health laggard. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 103, 425-427.


Raphael, D. (2012). Educating the public about the social determinants of health: The time for local public health unit action is now! Global Health Promotion, 19, 54-50.


Raphael, D. (2011). The political economy of health promotion: Part 1, national commitments to provision of the prerequisites of health.Health Promotion International, 28, 95-111.


Raphael, D. (2011). The political economy of health promotion: Part 2, national provision of the prerequisites of health. Health Promotion International, 28, 112-132.


Raphael, D., Daiski, Pilkington, B., Bryant, T., Dinca-Panaitescu, S, and Dinca-Panaitescu, M. (2011). A toxic combination of poor social policies and programmes, unfair economic arrangements, and bad politics: The experiences of poor Canadians with Type 2 Diabetes. Critical Public Health, 22, 127-145..


Pilkington, F.B., Daiski, I., Lines, E., Bryant, T., Raphael, D., Dinca-Panaitescu, M., and Dinca-Panaitescu, S. (2011). Type 2 diabetes in vulnerable populations: Community healthcare providers’ perspectives of health service needs and policy implications.Canadian Journal of Diabetes, 35(5), 503-511.


Raphael, D. (2011). A discourse analysis of the social determinants of health.  Critical Public Health, 21, 221-226.


Bryant, T., Raphael, D., Schrecker, T., and Labonte, R. (2011).  Canada: A land of missed opportunities for addressing the social determinants of health.  Health Policy, 101, (1), 44-58.


Huth, K, and Raphael, D. (2011). From awareness to advocacy: Empowering healthcare professionals to address the social determinants of health. McMaster University Medical Journal, 8, (1), 71-73.


Raphael, D. (2011). Mainstream media and the social determinants of health in Canada: Is it time to call it a day? Health Promotion International, 26, (2), 220-229.


Raphael, D. (2011). Poverty in childhood and adverse health outcomes in adulthood. Maturitas, 69, 22–26.


Dinca-Panaitescua, S., Dinca-Panaitescu, M., Bryant, T., Daiski, I. Pilkington, B. and Raphael, D. (2011). Diabetes prevalence and income: Results of the Canadian Community Health Survey. Health Policy99, 116–123.


 Raphael, D.   (2010). The health of Canada’s children. II. Health mechanisms and pathways. Paediatrics and Child Health, 15 (2), 71-76.


Raphael, D.   (2010). The health of Canada’s children. III. Public policy and the social determinants of children’s health. Paediatrics and Child Health, 15 (3), 143-149.


Raphael, D. (2010). The health of Canada’s children. IV. Towards the future. Paediatrics and Child Health, 15 (4), 199-204.


Raphael, D. (2009). Restructuring society in the service of mental health promotion: Are we willing to address the social determinants of mental health? International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, 11, 18-31.


Raphael, D. (2009). Poverty, human development and health in Canada: Research, practice, and advocacy dilemmas. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 41, (2), 7-18.


Bryant, T. and Raphael, D. (2009). Introduction to the special issue on social inequality and health. Humanity and Society, 33, (1/2), 1-4.


Raphael, D. (2009). Reducing social and health inequalities requires building social and political movements. Humanity and Society, 33, (1/2), 145-165.


Stewart, M., Makwarimba, E., Reutter, L., Veenstra, G., Raphael, D. & Love, R. (2009). Poverty, sense of belonging and experiences of social isolation. Journal of Poverty, 13, 173-195.


Macdonald, J., Raphael, D., Labonte, R., Colman, C., Torgerson, R. and Hayward, K. (2009). Income and health in Canada: Canadian researchers’ conceptualizations make policy applications unlikely. International Journal of Health Services, 39, 525-543.


Raphael, D. (2009). Escaping from the Phantom Zone: Social determinants of health, public health, and public policy inCanada. Health Promotion International, 24 (2), 193-198.


Reutter, L., Stewart, M., Veenstra, G., Love, R., Raphael, D., and Makwarimba, E., (2009). “Who do they think we are anyway?” Perceptions and responses to poverty stigma. Qualitative


Raphael, D., Curry-Stevens, A. and Bryant, T. (2008). Barriers to addressing the social determinants of health: Insights from the Canadian experience. Health Policy, 88, 222-235


 Raphael, D. (2008). Grasping at straws: A recent history of health promotion in Canada. Critical Public Health, 18, 483-495.

Service/Community Activities

SDOH Listserve Manager
I manage the Social Determinants of Health Listserve at York University. It has over 1200 members from around the world who deal with the social determinants of health.

Awards

Faculty of Health Research Award -- Established Career Categ - 2010

Supervision

Currently available to supervise graduate students: Yes

Currently taking on work-study students, Graduate Assistants or Volunteers: Yes

Available to supervise undergraduate thesis projects: No

Current Research

His policy research involves both critical analysis of current trends in social and health policy as well as supporting the building of social and political movements in the service of health.

Curriculum Vitae (C.V. file):

CV of Dennis Raphael